In December BE 2542, the General Assembly of the United Nations, at its fifty-fourth session (Agenda Item 174), recognized the Day of Vesak as an International Day of the United Nations (UN) and resolved that appropriate activities should be held annually in May at the UN Headquarters and other regional UN offices. The Sangha, government and people of Thailand have cooperated to organize activities to celebrate this important day every year, at the local, national and international levels.
In May BE 2547, Buddhist leaders from 13 countries were invited to participate in the World Buddhist Leaders' Conference on the International Recognition of the Day of Vesak at Buddhamonthon. An academic conference was also organized on about Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism at Buddhamonthon and the UN Convention Center with the endorsement of the Sangha Supreme Council and the support of the Thai government. The meeting concluded with the joint decision to collaborate to organize the Vesak Day celebrations in Thailand in subsequent years. Following that, in July BE 2547, Thailand and the Thai Sangha organized the Day of Vesak Activities at UN Headquarters in New York City, USA.
Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University (MCU) was entrusted by the Sangha Supreme Council during its 10/2548 meeting in April BE 2548 to be the primary organizer of the International Buddhist Conference on the United Nations Day of Vesak for BE 2548 from 18-21 May 2548 at Buddhamonthon and the UN Convention Center under the sponsorship of the Royal Thai Government, along with associated activities for the Buddhism Promotion Week at Sanam Luang.
This Meeting successfully achieved its goals, with Buddhists representing 42 countries taking part. The International Buddhist representatives jointly signed to recognize Buddhamonthon, Thailand as the world center of Buddhism and to organize the Vesak Day celebration in Thailand, with MCU as the primary organizer.
The Sangha Supreme Council during its 21/2548 meeting on 9 September BE 2548 again appointed MCU to be the primary organizer, in coordination with government agencies of the international Vesak Day celebrations for BE 2549, along with the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibhol Adulyadej as the royal patron of Buddhism. The celebrations were held from 7-10 May BE 2549 at Buddhamonthon and the UN Convention Center. Representatives from 48 countries participated and jointly declared that Vesak Day should be celebrated in Thailand the following year, in conjunction with the auspicious occasion of the 80th birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibhol Adulyadej.
MCU was appointed by the Supreme Sangha Council to cooperate with the International Organizing Committee for the International Day of Vesak and Buddhist organizations from the public sector and private sector to organize the international Buddhist conference in BE 2550 on the occasion of the UN Day of Vesak with the sponsorship of the Thai government. The event was held to jointly celebrate the 80th birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibhol Adulyadej. The celebrations were held from 21-29 May BE 2550 at Buddhamonthon and the UN Convention Center. The celebrations included an international academic seminar on the theme "Buddhism, Governance and Development". A total of 3,326 monks and laypersons took part from 67 countries.
In BE 2551, even though Vietnam was the host of the fifth International Day of Vesak Celebrations, the Thai government and the Supreme Sangha Council supported MCU to organize Vesak Day celebrations in Thailand from 18-19 May BE 2551 at the UN Convention Center.
During the 21/2551 meeting of the Supreme Sangha Council on 10 November 2551, the Supreme Sangha Council issued a decision 524/2551 for Thailand to host the Vesak Celebration in accordance with the proposal of the International Orgnization Committee which met on 12 September BE 2551 at MCU. The IOC were in unanimous agreement for Thailand to be the primary host in organizing the International Vesak Day Celebration for B.E 2552. At the same time, the IOC also decided to establish the International Council of the Day of Vesak (ICDV) in order to organize the celebrations in a unified and efficient manner.
The Seventh United Nations Day of Vesak was held in Thailand during 23-25 may B.E 2552/2010 where 70 countries were taking part and was a co-hosted event between Thailand and Inner Trip Reiyukai of Japan.
The Eight United Nations Day of Vesak was held in Thailand from 12-14 May 2011 under the theme "Buddhist Virtues in Socio-Economic Development" in conjunction with the auspicious occasion of the 84th Birthday of His Majesty The King Bhumibhol Adulayadej of Thailand at the main campus of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyala University and UNCC Hall in Bangkok.
Based on the decision made during the meeting among the International Council of the Day of Vesak (ICDV) on 8-9 October 2011, that the 9th of the United Nations Day of Vesak will be held in Thailand from 31 May and 1-2 June 2012 under the topic of " The Buddha's Enlightenment for the Well-being of Humanity " in conjunction with the suspicious occasion of the 80th Birthday of Her Majesty of Queen Sirikit and the 60th Birthday of His Majesty the Crown Prince of Thailand at the MCU main campus Wangnoi, Ayutthaya and the UN Convention Centre in Bangkok.
2.1 To celebrate the UN Day of Vesak
2.2 To celebrate the auspicious occasion on the 80th Birthday of Her Majesty the Queen and the 60th Birthday of the Crown Prince of Thailand
2.3 To celebrate the 26the Celebration of B.E. 2600 of the Buddha's Enlightenment
2.4 To cooperate to develop Buddhist solutions to the global crisis
2.5 To collaborate to disseminate Buddhism through academic activities, religious ceremonies and ways of life.
3.1 Getting together of Buddhist leaders and Academics
3.2 Speech on topic "The Buddha's Enlightenment for the well-being of Humanity"
3.3 Speeches from Buddhist leaders and VIPs
3.4 The Participation of His Majesty the Crown Prince of Thailand and Representatives
3.5 The Participation of Prime Minister, Ministers and Diplomats from Thailand and Foreign countries
3.6 Cultural Shows
3.7 International Academic Seminars
3.8 Chanting Prayer for celebrating the 80th Birthday Anniversary of Her Majesty the Queen and the 60th Birthday Anniversary of His Majesty the Crown Prince
3.9 Getting together of Buddhist leaders, Academics and UN VIPs for Bangkok Declaration
3.10 Dhammayatra and Candle light Procession at Buddhamondhon, Nakhornpathom
31 May BE 2555/2012
International conference and activities at MCU Conference Hall , Wang Noi, Ayutthaya as follows:
- Opening ceremony and religious activities
- Speeches by Buddhist Leaders & Diplomats
- Buddhist Leaders lead the Celebration of the 80th Birthday Anniversary of Her Majesty the Queen and the 60th Birthday Anniversary of His Majesty the Crown Prince
- Group Photos
- Cultural Show & Exhibitions
1 June BE 2555/2012
International academic seminar on " The Buddha' s Enlightenment for the Well-Being of Humanity " at MCU main campus , Wangnoi, Ayutthaya.
A. Buddhist Wisdom and Reconciliation
B. Buddhist Wisdom and Environment
C. Buddhist Wisdom and Human Transformation
2 June BE 2555/2012
- Closing ceremony for International Day of Vesak celebrations at the UN Convention Center, Bangkok, Thailand.
- Chanting, Dhammayatra and Candle light Procession at Buddhamondhon
Participants from 84 countries totaling 5,000 monks and laypersons, as follows:
5.1 Foreign Leaders, academics and Buddhist Scholars from Theravada and Mahayana tradition 600 persons (monks and lay people)
5.2 Foreign Participants 1,200
5.3 Delegations from Supreme Sangha Council, Senior Sangha Delegations 300
5.4 Ministers, Academics and Representatives from Buddhist Organizations from Thailand 500
5.5 General Buddhist Devotees in Thailand 1,500
5.6 Media Personnel (200/ foreign and local)
5.7 Administrators, faculty, staff and students of MCU and Mahamakut Rajavidayalaya University (1,500 monks and laypersons)
6.1 Thai Government
6.2 Supreme Sangha Council
6.3 International Council for the Day of Vesak (ICDV)
6.4 International Association of Buddhist Universities (IABU)
6.5 Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University (MCU)
6.6 National Office of Buddhism
7.1 Celebration of the UN Day of Vesak in cooperation with the United Nations
7.2 Cooperation among Buddhist communities and institutions has been fostered at the national and international levels, in accordance with government policy
7.3 The Buddhist Perspective on Global Recovery has been introduced
7.4 Buddhism has been disseminated globally through academic activities, religious ceremonies and ways of life.